There are several types of elbow fractures. The most common include:
This is a break in the humerus bone, just above the elbow. This fracture is not only the most common elbow fracture in children under eight years of age, but also the most serious since it can cause problems with circulation and nerve function.
These are breaks of the bony prominences of the elbow. The most common is a break on the outside or Lateral Condyle. These fractures often require surgery to align the joint properly.
A dislocation at the top of the radius bone with a fracture at the top of the ulna bone is called a Monteggia fracture.
These breaks occur on the bony tip of the elbow. With little muscle or soft tissue covering the bone, it is a common fracture with direct trauma to the elbow.
Radial Neck Fractures
This is a break of one of the forearm bones near the elbow joint. This fracture is common in children who fall on an outstretched hand. The force of the fall is transmitted from the hand, up the arm to the elbow joint.