Physical Therapy (PT) can have two main roles in the treatment of hemophilia patients.
The first, and the preferred role is preventative. Preventative PT focuses on educating and instructing patients in strengthening muscles around joints and joint control exercises to keep the bones moving in good alignment.
The second use of PT for hemophilia patients is restorative. For restorative PT, the therapist would see the patient after medical management has helped stop the bleeding inside the joint and maintain healthy blood clotting levels.
After the inside of the joint is stable and no bleeding is occurring the PT begins working with the patient to increase motion, strength, control, endurance, and balance.
The goal is to restore the patient to their pre-injury state as well as surpass it to an even better fitness and strength level so that a patient can have even better control of the joint than before.