Pediatric Neurology

Pediatric neurology is comprised of a specialized field of medicine that assesses, treats and manages an array of neurological conditions in newborns, infants, children and adolescents.   Child neurology includes diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, muscles, blood vessels and peripheral (surrounding the brain and spinal cord) and autonomic nervous system (responsible for regulating bodily functions including digestion, heartbeat and breathing). 


There are several types of pediatric. neurological disorders.

At OIC, we often treat children with the following types of neurological disorders:

  • Congenital metabolic abnormalities that affect the nervous system
  • Congenital birth defects affecting the brain and spinal cord such as spina bifida
  • Neurological developmental problems during childhood
  • Movement disorders such as cerebral palsy
  • Progressive neuromuscular conditions such as muscular dystrophy


Many neurological disorders present in children are either congenital, which means they develop in the womb, while others can often develop later during early adolescence.

Proper care, treatment and management will depend on the child’s specific medical condition but often require physical therapy, occupational therapy and even surgery.

The exact treatment and long term care options will depend on the type of neurological disorder and the overall health of the child.


The OIC Pediatric Neurology Team

At OIC we draw from a wide range of experts and expertise in order to help your child with his or her condition.

Pediatric neurological disorders are managed by a team of specialists at OIC, including:

Pediatric Neurologist who specializes in the neurological system of children. 

A Pediatrician who reviews medical issues and coordinates the general healthcare of the patient, in addition to working with the orthopaedic surgeon for pre-operative assessments if surgery is indicated and overseeing medical issues for hospitalized patients.

The Nurse Coordinator assists in making sure all medical orders are carried out, and provides case management and nursing assessment for the patient.

Physical Therapists help ensure who will help design, implement and monitor a physical therapy program to help reduce pain, or improve or restore mobility.

Occupational Therapists assist in improving a child's cognitive, physical and motor skills. 

The team will help define goals for treatment including treatment outlines and plans, prepare for braces or surgical procedures and executing the treatment plan to achieve the desired outcomes.